Phone: (919) 844-6218

Fax: (919) 847-5699

Main Office:

6729 Falls of Neuse Rd Suite 201, Raleigh, NC 27615, USA

 

 

Wakefield Office:

11200 Governor Manly Way, Suite 200, Raleigh, NC 27614

©2019 by North Raleigh Endocrinology & The Diabetes Center

Diabetes Mellitus:

DIABETES MELLITUS

 

The pancreas is an organ in the abdomen that secretes a hormone called insulin. Insulin is responsible for transporting glucose (sugar) from the blood stream and into your body’s cells. There are many different types of diabetes, but the two main forms include Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Type 1 refers to the absence of insulin production while Type 2 deals with insulin ineffectiveness

 

Symptoms of diabetes mellitus include

  • Excessive thirst, urination, hunger, blurred vision, numbness in feet, weight loss, agitation, difficulty thinking or focusing, feeling tired, recurrent yeast infections or upper respiratory infections (cold).

 

Complications from diabetes include

  • Kidney problems leading to dialysis (nephropathy)

  • Vision problems leading to blindness (retinopathy)

  • Nerve and sensation problems leading to dysfunction/infections/amputation (neuropathy)

  • Severe complications

    • Heart attack

    • Stroke

 

Treatment for diabetes include diet, tablets, pills, non-insulin injectables and insulin

 

 

HYPOGLYCEMIA

 

Hypoglycemia is a condition where there is not enough glucose in the system which can result in the following symptoms  

 

Symptoms of HYPOGLYCEMIA  

 

  • Adrenergic symptoms:

    • Hunger, trembling, pallor, sweating, shaking, pounding heart, anxiety

  • Neuroglycopenic symptoms:

    • Dizziness, poor concentration, drowsiness, weakness, confusion, lightheadedness, slurred speech, blurred vision, double vision, unsteadiness, poor coordination

  • Behavioral symptoms:

    • Tearfulness, confusion, fatigue, irritability, aggressiveness

 

Hypoglycemia requires a formal evaluation that include blood work and dietary review 

 

Treatment usually involves ingestion of glucose followed by complex carbs